How to Write an APA Research Paper Outline: Full Tutorial

 

research paper essay format

Just as an essay requires an essay format, students must also note that a research paper format is also necessary for a research paper. The format to be used is dependent on the topic which you have chosen. The more commonly used formats include the APA style and the MLA style. The APA style is used on topics on social sciences while the MLA. Format for a Research Paper. Regardless of the nature of your research, if you are writing a paper an outline will help you to not only organize your thoughts, but also serve as the template for your entire paper. An outline for a research paper is a visual reminder to include all of the pertinent details of your research into your essay or paper. The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.


Format for a Research Paper - A Research Guide for Students


Research essays are extremely common assignments in high school, college, and graduate school, and are not unheard of in middle school. If you are a student, chances are you will sooner or later be faced with the task of researching a topic and writing a paper about it. Knowing how research paper essay format efficiently and successfully do simple research, synthesize information, and clearly present it in essay form will save you many hours and a lot of frustration.

The best way to write a research essay is to find sources, like specialty books, research paper essay format, academic journals, and online encyclopedias, about your topic. Take notes as you research, and make sure you note which page and book you got your notes from. Create an outline for the paper that details your argument, various sections, and primary points for each section.

Then, write an introduction, build the body of the essay, and state your conclusion. To learn more from our co-author with an English Ph. This article was co-authored by Michelle Golden, PhD. Michelle Golden is an English teacher in Athens, Georgia. Categories: Featured Articles Essays. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Choose a topic. If you are lucky enough to be able to choose your research topic, pick one that interests you.

The last thing you want is to end up spending hours learning and writing about a subject in which you have zero interest. You will find the whole process much more enjoyable if you actually care about what you are doing. For example, if you are free to choose a topic but the general theme must fall under human biology, research paper essay format, do not write your essay on plant photosynthesis. Stick with topics that are not overly complicated, especially if research paper essay format subject is not something you plan to continue studying.

There's no need to make things harder on yourself! Locate resources. Before you begin writing, research paper essay format, read up on the subject of your essay.

It is best to gather all your sources and review them before attempting to begin your paper so that you can have things clearly planned out when you actually start writing. You can find information on your topic of choice through research paper essay format number of different types of resources.

Some examples are discussed below. Specialty books; these can be found at your local public or school library. A book published on your topic is a great resource and will likely be one of your most reliable options for finding quality information.

They also contain lists of references where you can look for more information. Academic journals; these are periodicals devoted to scholarly research on a specific field of study, research paper essay format. Articles in academic journals are written by experts in that field and scrutinized by other professionals to ensure their accuracy. These are great options if you need to find detailed, sophisticated information on your topic; avoid these if you are only writing a general overview.

Online encyclopedias; the most reliable information on the internet can be found in online encyclopedias like Encyclopedia, research paper essay format. While online wikis can be very helpful, they sometimes contain unverified information that you should probably not rely upon as your primary resources. Expert interviews; if possible, interview an expert in the subject of your research.

Experts can be professionals working in the field you are studying, professors with advanced degrees in the subject of interest, etc, research paper essay format. Take notes. When you are research paper essay format your topic, take notes on the information you find. It can be difficult to recall all you have read on the subject when it comes time to start writing, especially if you are unfamiliar with the topic; having notes will significantly help with this.

Be sure to note where you found the information as you take notes so you can easily cite it as you write. Organize your notes by sub-topic to keep them orderly and so you can easily find references when you are writing. If you are using books or physical copies of magazines or journals, use sticky tabs to mark pages or paragraphs where you found useful information.

You might even want to number these tabs to correspond with numbers on your note sheet for easy reference. By keeping your notes brief and simple, you can make them easier to understand and reference while writing.

Don't make your notes so long and detailed that they essentially copy what's already written in your sources, as this won't be helpful to you. Develop an objective. Depending on the purpose of your research paper, research paper essay format, you may find yourself needing to adopt a position or draw some conclusions about your topic.

As you research the subject, ask yourself how the information you encounter fits in with the objective of your paper. For example, if you need to present two sides of an argument and then side with one, identify information that corresponds to the different viewpoints surrounding the topic and organize the sources accordingly in your research paper essay format. Sometimes the objective of your research will be obvious to you before you research paper essay format begin researching the topic; other times, you may have to do a bit of reading before you can determine the direction you want your essay to take.

If you have an objective in mind from the start, you can incorporate this into online searches about your topic in order to find the research paper essay format relevant resources. For example, research paper essay format, if your objective is to outline the environmental hazards of hydraulic fracturing practices, search for that exact phrase rather than just "hydraulic fracturing.

Talk to your teacher. If you are researching for a class, ask your teacher or professor for advice or suggestions as to the direction you should take with your essay, research paper essay format. He or she might be able to help you out by narrowing or broadening your focus or by pointing you toward useful resources. This way, you will also be able to gauge whether your teacher approves of the topic you have in mind. Avoid asking your teacher to give you a topic.

Unless your topic was assigned to you in the first place, part of the assignment is for you to choose a topic relevant to the broader theme of the class or unit. By asking your teacher to do this for you, you risk admitting laziness or incompetence. If you have a few topics in mind but are not sure how research paper essay format develop objectives for some of them, your teacher can help with this.

Plan to discuss your options with your teacher and come to a decision yourself rather than having him or her choose the topic for you from several options. Break research paper essay format your essay into sub-topics. You will probably need to address several distinct aspects of your research topic in your essay. This is an important tactic for producing a well-organized research essay because it avoids 'stream of consciousness' writing, which typically lacks order.

Consider what background information is necessary to contextualize your research topic, research paper essay format. What questions might the reader have right out of the gate? How do you want the reader to think about the topic? Answering these kinds of questions can help you figure out how to set up your argument.

Match your paper sections to the objective s of your writing. For example, if you are trying to research paper essay format two sides of a debate, research paper essay format, create a section for each and then divide them up according to the aspects of each argument you want to address. Create an outline.

One of the research paper essay format helpful things you can do when writing a research paper is to outline the various sections and primary points of the essay.

Do this before you begin writing so you can visualize how each of the essay's parts will fit together. This will also allow you to rearrange components of the paper to make it flow logically. Some people like to include a few sentences under each heading in their outline to create a sort of "mini-essay" before they begin writing.

Others find that a simple ordered list of topics is sufficient. Do whatever works best for you. If you have time, write your outline a day or two before you start writing and come back to it several times.

This will give you an opportunity to think about how the pieces of your essay will best fit research paper essay format. Rearrange things in your outline as many times as you want until you have a structure you are happy with.

Choose a format. Research papers, unlike creative writing pieces, usually adhere to a specific style guides governing the way sources must be cited and various other aspects of writing mechanics. If you are writing a research essay for a class, your teacher will probably specify which style the essay must conform to, research paper essay format. Consult your teacher if you aren't sure what style to use.

If you are assigned a specific format, you must take care to adhere to guidelines for text formatting and citations. Some computer programs such as EndNote allow you to construct a library of resources which you can then set to a specific format type; then you can automatically insert in-text citations from your library and populate a references section at the end of the document.

This is an easy way to make sure your citations match your assigned style format. Make a plan. You should set realistic writing goals for yourself so you can stay on task without feeling overburdened. It is a good idea to create a schedule and set aside blocks of time each day to work on specific parts of your essay. This way you aren't stuck writing nonstop for two days to meet your deadline and you can check things off your list as you complete them.

You may wish to start by simply assigning yourself a certain number of pages per day. Divide the number of pages you are required to write by the number of days you have to finish the essay; this is the number of pages minimum that you must complete each day in order to pace yourself evenly. If possible, leave a buffer of at least one day between finishing your paper and the due date.

This will research paper essay format you to review your finished product and edit it for errors. This will also help in case something comes up that slows your writing progress. Create an introduction.

In this section, introduce your topic and establish the purpose for your essay. If you intend to investigate a debated topic, state this in your introduction. You want the reader to have a good idea of what the essay is about research paper essay format how it is constructed by reading your introduction. Save your opinions and any conclusions you've drawn for the rest of the essay.

 

How to Write a Research Paper - A Research Guide for Students

 

research paper essay format

 

How to Write a Research Paper. What is a research paper? A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings. It can be either a term paper, a master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation. Just as an essay requires an essay format, students must also note that a research paper format is also necessary for a research paper. The format to be used is dependent on the topic which you have chosen. The more commonly used formats include the APA style and the MLA style. The APA style is used on topics on social sciences while the MLA. It might be challenging for them as they try to adjust to the new format when they want to write a research paper outline template apa. Grasping the basics of how to come up with an apa research paper outline and bookmarking several important resources can enable students to learn this format easily.