Term paper - Wikipedia


research term paper

The Difference Between a Research Paper and a Term Paper. A term paper is a written academic paper that needs to demonstrate the acquired essential skills and knowledge in the subject matter. Usually it is a task given to the students at the end of a term and accounts towards the final grade in the subject, sometimes it can even constitute as. Recruit a term paper writer to fulfill your assignment from scratch. Your research paper writer will be a tried-and-true subject pro. % anonymous! The process of writing the research paper is going to be very time consuming so it’s important to select a topic that is going to sustain your interest for the duration of the project. It is good to select a topic that is relevant to your life since you are going to spend a long time researching and writing about it. Perhaps you are considering starting your own business or pursuing a career.

Good Research Paper Topics [Updated Sep ]

This glossary is intended to assist you in understanding commonly used terms and concepts when reading, interpreting, and evaluating scholarly research in the social sciences. Also included are general words and phrases defined within the context of how they apply to research in the social and behavioral sciences.

A Dictionary of Social Research Methods. Institutional Review Board. Colorado College; Glossary of Key Terms. Writing CSU. Research Mindedness Virtual Learning Resource. Centre for Human Servive Technology. University of Southampton; Miller, Robert L.

London: Sage, Contact us. Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: Glossary of Research Terms This guide provides advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social and behavioral sciences.

The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Glossary of Research Terms This glossary is intended to assist you in understanding commonly used terms and concepts when reading, interpreting, and evaluating scholarly research in the social sciences.

Acculturation -- refers to the process of adapting to another culture, particularly in reference research term paper blending in with the majority population [e. However, acculturation also implies that both cultures add something to one another, but still remain distinct groups unto themselves.

Accuracy -- a term used in survey research to refer to the match between the target population and the sample. Affective Measures -- procedures or devices used to obtain quantified descriptions of an individual's feelings, emotional states, or dispositions. Aggregate -- a total created from smaller units. For instance, the population of a county is an aggregate of the populations of the cities, research term paper, rural areas, etc.

As a verb, it refers to total data from smaller units into a large unit. Anonymity -- a research condition in which no one, including the researcher, research term paper, knows the identities of research participants. Baseline -- a control measurement carried out before an experimental treatment. Behaviorism -- research term paper of psychological thought concerned with the observable, tangible, objective facts of behavior, rather than with subjective phenomena such as thoughts, emotions, or impulses.

Contemporary behaviorism also emphasizes the study of mental states such as feelings and fantasies to the extent that they can be directly observed and measured. Beliefs -- ideas, doctrines, tenets, etc.

Benchmarking -- systematically measuring and comparing the operations and outcomes of organizations, systems, processes, etc. Bias -- a loss of balance and accuracy in the use of research methods.

It can appear in research via the sampling frame, random sampling, or non-response. It can also occur at other stages in research, such as while interviewing, in the design of questions, or in the way data are analyzed and presented.

Bias means that the research findings will not be representative of, research term paper, or generalizable to, a wider population. Case Study -- the collection and presentation of detailed information about a particular participant or small group, frequently including data derived from the subjects themselves.

Causal Hypothesis -- a statement hypothesizing that the independent variable affects the dependent variable in some way. Causal Relationship -- the relationship established that shows that an independent variable, and nothing else, causes a change in a dependent variable, research term paper. It also establishes how much of a change is shown in the dependent variable.

Causality -- the relation between cause and effect. Central Tendency -- any way of describing or characterizing typical, average, or common values in some distribution. Chi-square Analysis -- a common non-parametric statistical test which compares an expected proportion or ratio to an actual proportion research term paper ratio.

Claim -- a statement, similar to a hypothesis, which is made in response to the research question and that is affirmed with evidence based on research. Classification -- ordering of related phenomena into categories, groups, or systems according to characteristics or attributes.

Cluster Analysis -- a method of statistical analysis where data that share a common trait are grouped together, research term paper. The data is collected in a way that allows the data collector to group data according to certain characteristics, research term paper. Cohort Analysis -- group by group analytic treatment of individuals having a statistical factor in common to each group. Group members share a particular characteristic [e.

Confidentiality -- a research condition in which no one except the researcher s knows the identities of the participants in a study. It refers to the treatment of information that a participant has disclosed research term paper the researcher in a relationship of trust and with the expectation that it will not be revealed research term paper others in ways that violate the original consent agreement, unless permission is granted by the participant.

Confirmability Objectivity -- the findings of the study could be confirmed by another person conducting the same study. Construct -- refers to any of the following: something that exists theoretically but is not directly observable; a concept developed [constructed] for describing relations among phenomena or for other research purposes; or, a theoretical definition in which concepts are defined in terms research term paper other concepts. For example, intelligence cannot be directly observed or measured; it is a construct.

Construct Validity -- seeks an agreement between a theoretical concept and a specific measuring device, such as observation, research term paper. Constructivism -- the idea that reality is socially constructed. It is the view that reality cannot be understood outside of the way humans interact and that the idea that knowledge is constructed, not discovered.

Constructivists believe that learning is more active and self-directed than either behaviorism or cognitive theory would postulate.

Content Analysis -- the systematic, objective, and quantitative description of the research term paper or latent content of print or nonprint communications. Context Sensitivity -- awareness by a qualitative researcher of factors such as values and beliefs that influence cultural behaviors. Control Group -- the group in an experimental design that receives either no treatment or a different treatment from the experimental group.

This group can thus be compared to the experimental group. Controlled Experiment -- an experimental design with two or more randomly selected groups [an experimental group and control group] in which the researcher controls or introduces the research term paper variable and measures the dependent variable at least two times [pre- and post-test measurements].

Correlation -- a common statistical analysis, usually abbreviated as r, that measures the degree of relationship between pairs of interval variables in a sample.

The range of correlation is from Also, a non-cause and effect relationship between two variables. Covariate -- a product of the correlation of two related variables times their standard deviations.

Used in true experiments to measure the difference of research term paper between them. Credibility -- a researcher's ability to demonstrate that the object of a study is accurately identified and described based on the way in which the study was conducted. Its goal is to promote human emancipatory forces and to expose ideas and systems that impede them.

Data -- factual information [as measurements or statistics] used as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or calculation. Deductive -- a form of reasoning in which conclusions are formulated about particulars from general or universal premises. Dependability -- being able to account for changes in the design of the study and the changing conditions surrounding what was studied.

Dependent Variable -- a variable that varies research term paper, at least in part, to the impact of the independent variable. Deviation -- the distance between the mean and a particular data point in a given distribution. Discourse Community -- a research term paper of scholars and researchers in a given field who respond to and communicate to each other through published articles in the community's journals and presentations at conventions.

All members of the discourse community adhere to certain conventions for the presentation of their theories and research. Discrete Variable -- a variable that is measured solely in whole units, such as, gender and number of siblings. Distribution -- the range of values of a particular variable, research term paper.

Effect Size -- the amount of change in a dependent variable that can be attributed to manipulations of the independent variable. A large effect size exists when the value of the dependent variable is strongly influenced by the independent variable. It is the mean difference on a variable research term paper experimental and control groups divided by the standard deviation on that variable research term paper the pooled groups or of the control group alone.

Emancipatory Research -- research is conducted on and with people from marginalized groups or communities. It is led by a researcher or research team who research term paper either an indigenous or external insider; is interpreted within intellectual frameworks of that group; and, is conducted largely for the purpose of empowering members of that community and improving services for them.

It also engages members of the community as co-constructors or validators of knowledge, research term paper. Empirical Research -- the process of developing systematized knowledge gained from observations that are formulated to support insights and generalizations about the phenomena being researched.

Epistemology -- concerns knowledge construction; asks what constitutes knowledge and how knowledge is validated. Research is completed through various methods but, since the researcher is immersed within the group for an extended period of time, more detailed information is usually collected during the research.

Expectancy Effect -- any unconscious or conscious cues that convey to the participant in a study how the researcher wants them to respond, research term paper. Expecting someone to behave in a particular way has been shown to promote the expected behavior. Expectancy effects can be minimized by using standardized interactions with subjects, automated data-gathering methods, and double blind protocols.

External Validity -- the extent to which the results of a study are generalizable or transferable. Factor Analysis -- a statistical test that explores relationships among data. The test explores which variables in a data set are research term paper related to each other. In a carefully constructed survey, for example, factor analysis can yield information on patterns of responses, not simply data on a single response.

Larger tendencies may then be interpreted, indicating behavior trends rather than simply responses to specific questions. Field Studies -- academic or other investigative studies undertaken in a natural setting, rather than in laboratories, classrooms, or other structured environments. Focus Groups -- small, roundtable discussion groups charged with examining specific topics or problems, including possible options or solutions.

Focus groups usually consist of participants, guided by research term paper to keep the discussion flowing and to collect and report the results. Framework -- the structure and support that may be used as both the launching point and the on-going guidelines for investigating a research problem, research term paper.

Generalizability -- the extent to which research findings and conclusions conducted on a specific study to groups or situations can be applied to the population at large. Grounded Theory -- practice of developing other theories that emerge from observing a group. Theories are grounded in the group's observable experiences, but researchers add their own insight into why those experiences exist.

Group Behavior -- behaviors of a group as a whole, as well as the behavior of an individual as influenced by his or her membership in a group.


How to Write a Term Paper (with Example Papers)


research term paper


How to Write a Research Paper. What is a research paper? A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings. It can be either a term paper, a master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation. How to Write a Term Paper Proposal. Before researching and writing, you should know what a term paper proposal is. Basically, you should be able to defend your topic to your instructor through this proposal. This proposal must be handed in and approved before writing the actual term paper. Include recent studies or research on your erlreds.gq: Jacob Quigley. The Difference Between a Research Paper and a Term Paper. A term paper is a written academic paper that needs to demonstrate the acquired essential skills and knowledge in the subject matter. Usually it is a task given to the students at the end of a term and accounts towards the final grade in the subject, sometimes it can even constitute as.