How to Write Guide: Sections of the Paper

 

sections in a research paper

How to Write an APA Style Research Paper An APA-style paper includes the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references. Your paper may also include one or more tables and/or figures. Different types of information about your study are addressed in each of the sections, as described below. Sep 27,  · In the early s, there was no established way to write a research paper, making each author's paper a little different and a little confusing. The sections acted as . The Sections of the Paper. Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into the following sections: Title, Authors and Affiliation, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and Literature Cited, which parallel the experimental process. .


Parts of a Research Paper


All scientific papers have the same general format. They are divided into distinct sections and each section contains a specific type of information. The number and the headings of sections may vary among journals, but for the most part a basic structure is maintained.

Typically, scientific papers are comprised of the following parts:. Let's examine the content in each section of a scientific paper, and discuss why each section may be useful to you as a reader.

An abstract contains brief statements of the purpose, methods, results, and conclusions of a study. Abstracts are often included in article databases, and are usually free to a large audience. Thus, they may be the most widely read portions of scientific papers. The methods section will help you determine exactly how the authors performed the experiment. The methods describes both specific techniques and the overall experimental strategy used by the scientists.

Sections in a research paper, the methods section does not need to be read in detail. Refer to this section if you have a specific question about the experimental design.

The results section contains the data collected during experimention. The results section is the heart of a scientific sections in a research paper. In this section, much of the important information may be in the form of tables or graphs.

When reading this section, do not readily accept an author's statements about the results, sections in a research paper. Rather, carefully analyze the raw data in tables and figures to draw your own conclusions. Authors often use the discussion to describe what their work suggests and how it relates to other studies. In this section, authors can anticipate and address any possible objections to their work. The discussion section is also a place where authors can suggest areas of improvement for future research.

The acknowledgments tell you what people or institutions in addition to the authors contributed to the work. In reading the acknowledgments, you can see what sources provided financial support for the study. You might want to know an industry group or the federal government funded the study. The title will help you to determine if an article is interesting or relevant for your project, sections in a research paper. Well-written titles give a reasonably complete description of the study that was conducted, and sometimes even sections in a research paper the findings.

Included in a title are the species studied, the kinds of experiments performed, and perhaps a brief indication of the results obtained. Abstracts provide you with a complete, but very succinct summary of the paper, sections in a research paper. An introduction usually describes the theoretical background, indicates why the work is important, states a specific research question, and poses a specific hypothesis to be tested.

The discussion section will explain the authors interpret their data and how they connect it to other work. This section provides the sources cited throughout the paper.

This section offers information on the range of other studies cited: Does the author cite only his or her previous studies? Are both classic and modern sources influencing this work? Does the author look to the work of scientists in other disciplines? The literature cited section is also helpful for generating a list of background sections in a research paper on the topic under study.

Structure of a Scientific Paper. Typically, scientific papers are comprised of the following parts: Title Abstract Introduction Methods Results Discussion Acknowledgments Literature cited Because scientific papers are organized in this way, a reader knows what to expect from each part of the paper, sections in a research paper, and they can quickly locate a specific type of information.

You will find background information and a statement of the author's hypothesis in the introduction. Click here to continue.

 

How to Write a Method Section of an APA Paper

 

sections in a research paper

 

The standard format of a research paper has six sections: Title and Abstract, which encapsulate the paper. Introduction, which describes where the paper's research question fits into current science. Materials and Methods, which translates the research question into a detailed recipe of operations. How to Write an APA Style Research Paper An APA-style paper includes the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references. Your paper may also include one or more tables and/or figures. Different types of information about your study are addressed in each of the sections, as described below. The method section of an APA format psychology paper provides the methods and procedures used in a research study or erlreds.gq part of an APA paper is critical because it allows other researchers to see exactly how you conducted your research.